This reflects Spielberg's own experience as a youth with his parents breaking up. A common theme in many of his films is ordinary people who discover something extraordinary - people, places, artifacts, creatures, etc. Raiders of the Lost ArkE. His films are almost always edited by Michael Kahn.
American film director and producer Written By: See Article History Alternative Title: Early life and work Spielberg developed an interest in filmmaking as a child, and during his teens his Escape to Nowherea minute war movie, won first prize at a film festival.
In he made his first television movie, Duela taut, almost claustrophobic exercise in psychosis that was more intense than typical TV fare it was released theatrically in Europe. Although Spielberg permitted star Dennis Weaver —who played a motorist chased by a homicidal truck driver—to register a one-note impression of sweaty terror throughout the movie, his handling of the action sequences was staged and executed with bravado.
It featured Roy Scheider as the police chief of a resort town who battles a man-eating white shark. Joining him are Richard Dreyfuss as a marine biologist and Robert Shaw as a shark hunter. The highly praised thriller received an Academy Award nomination for best picture, and its ominous soundtrack by John Williams won an Oscar.
Spielberg then directed the mystical science-fiction tale Close Encounters of the Third Kindwhich he also wrote. Dreyfuss was cast as the lead, and he submitted one of the best performances of his career, as a telephone lineman who encounters an unidentified flying object and subsequently becomes obsessed with UFOs.
For the film, Spielberg received his first Academy Award nomination for best director. After the disappointing —which was received as an unfunny comedy, despite the presence of John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd—Spielberg directed Raiders of the Lost Arka loving, expert if slightly redundant tribute to old adventure serials.
The film and its sequels, which starred Harrison Ford A biography of steven spielberg handsome archaeologist Indiana Jonesused rich colour cinematography, brisk editing, memorable musical soundtracks, and inventive special effects to create a cinematic experience that was typically light yet highly suspenseful.
Spielberg received his second Academy Award nomination for best director; the film was also a best picture nominee. The Extra-Terrestrial was a moving exploration of an alien encounter that cleverly eschewed the epic scale of Close Encounters for the microcosm of its effect on a single California family.
Henry Thomas gave a strong performance as the boy who discovers and befriends the stranded alien, and Dee Wallace portrayed his sympathetic mom.
The film also featured Drew Barrymore in one of her first roles. The Extra-Terrestrialdirected by Steven Spielberg.
Nevertheless, it found an audience that appreciated the cast—which included Whoopi GoldbergMargaret Avery, and Oprah Winfreyall of whom were nominated for Academy Awards—as well as the script by Menno Meyjes and the score by coproducer Quincy Jonesboth of which were also Academy Award-nominated.
The film received a nomination for best picture, but Spielberg failed to earn an Oscar nod, a slight that created a small scandal at the time.
More important, however, Spielberg had made one of the few commercially successful films about the experience of African Americans, paving the way for similar projects to be green-lighted. But where The Color Purple was able to convey emotional truth, Empire of the Sun almost let the story about its young protagonist Christian Bale drown under a wave of pyrotechnics.
It was a box-office failure. Although Indiana Jones was a hit, Always failed to find an audience. His pervasive influence was recognized in by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences when it honoured him with the Irving G.
Thalberg Award, given for excellence in producing. Despite a cast that included major stars Robin Williams and Julia Robertsthe movie was a critical and commercial failure. Spielberg, however, returned to form in dramatic fashion with not one but two enormously popular releases.
Its scenes of peril are less deftly blended with character-focused downtime activity than in Jaws, but technology is employed to great effect, and there are enough potent shocks to indicate that Spielberg was still a master of Alfred Hitchcock -worthy suspense.
It was shot with unflinching detail in black and white, and it won Spielberg his first Academy Award for best director.
In addition, the film garnered six other Oscars, including best picture. In Spielberg joined with multimedia moguls Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen to found a new studio, DreamWorkswhich was particularly successful as a creator of such popular animated films as Antzthe Shrek series, and Puss in Boots ShrekShrek right with his sidekick, Donkey.
Jurassic Park failed to attain the majesty of Jurassic Park, but it had many compelling moments. Based on a best seller by Crichton, who reportedly wrote the book at the behest of Spielberg himself, the film repeats the Jurassic Park formula with a largely new cast— Julianne MooreVince Vaughn, Pete Postlethwaiteand Arliss Howard—and returnee Jeff Goldblum, who again plays a scientist who knows this manipulation of nature for profit is both crass and morally indefensible.
There are numerous thrills, and the dinosaur special effects equal those of the earlier film.
Amistad found Spielberg in social historian mode. The film centres on the slave revolt that took place aboard the Spanish slave ship Amistad in and the subsequent trial in the United States for which the slaves were tried for insurrection on the high seas only to be ruled by the court to have been kidnap victims.
Matthew McConaughey was effective as a defense lawyer, and Anthony Hopkins earned an Academy Award nomination for his showy role as former U.
As Cinque, the leader of the Africans, Djimon Hounsou gave a memorable performance. The film was well received critically, but it did only modest business at the box-office. The drama stands as one of the high points of his career, both praised and criticized for presenting some of the most realistic battle scenes staged in a Hollywood war movie.
Of particular note is the minute-long opening that depicts the invasion by U. After that harrowing sequence, the film settles into a more conventional narrative as a group of soldiers search for a paratrooper named Ryan in order to extract him from combat before he is killed, just as his three brothers recently were.
Saving Private Ryan was nominated for 11 Academy Awards, including best picture, and Spielberg won his second Academy Award as best director.In May , Steven Spielberg bought the rights to the life story of Martin Luther King, Jr. Spielberg will be involved not only as producer but also as a director.
McBride, Joseph, Steven Spielberg: A Biography, New York, On SPIELBERG: articles— SPIELBERG, STEVEN. SPIELBERG, STEVEN (–), film director, writer, producer. Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Spielberg began his career early in his youth, directing home movies.
At age 13 he entered and won his first contest with a minute war film. Watch video · Steven Spielberg accepted no money for his work on Schindler's List, and instead donated his salary and all of his future profits from the movie to .
Steven Spielberg was the first living person to have a playable Lego mini-figure modelled after him.
It was sold with several sets as part of the Lego Studios product range in the early s. He lost the Best Director Oscar to Ang Lee both in and Steven Spielberg: A Biography brought about a reevaluation of the great filmmaker's life and work by those who viewed him as merely a facile entertainer.
This new edition guides readers through the mature artistry of Spielberg's later period in which he manages, against considerable odds, to run a successful studio while maintaining and /5(22).
Jan 05, · STEVEN SPIELBERG A Life in Films By Molly Haskell Illustrated. pp. Yale University Press. $ As writer-for-hire on “Steven Spielberg: A Life in Films,” the pioneering feminist movie.